Milton Santos, For a New Geography, translated by Archie Davis – University of Minnesota Press, November 2021

Originally published in 1978 in Portuguese, For a New Geography is a milestone in the history of critical geography and it marked the emergence of its author, Milton Santos (1926–2001), as a major interpreter of geographical thought, a prominent Afro-Brazilian public intellectual, and one of the foremost global theorists of space.

Published in the midst of a crisis in geographical thought, For a New Geography functioned as a bridge between geography’s past and its future. In advancing his vision of a geography of action and liberation, Santos begins by turning to the roots of modern geography and its colonial legacies. Moving from a critique of the shortcomings of geography from the field’s foundations as a modern science to the outline of a new field of critical geography, he sets forth both an ontology of space and a methodology for geography. In so doing, he introduces novel theoretical categories to the analysis of space. It is, in short, both a critique of the Northern, Anglo-centric discipline from within and a systematic critique of its flaws and assumptions from outside.



Critical geography has developed in the past four decades into a heterogeneous and creative field of inquiry. Though accruing a set of theoretical touchstones in the process, it has become detached from a longer and broader history of geographical thought. For a New Geographyreconciles these divergent histories. Arriving in English at a time of renewed interest in alternative geographical traditions and the history of radical geography, it takes its place in the canonical works of critical geography.

Soil types in the Netherlands

 

Soil types in the Netherlands.

Map showing the island topography and location of Nauru in the Pacific Ocean

 

Map showing the island topography and location of Nauru in the Pacific Ocean.

Map of National Democratic Republic of Timor Leste

 

Map of National Democratic Republic of Timor Leste.

Map of the 26 Brazilian states and the Federal District of Brasilia

 

Map of the 26 Brazilian states and the Federal District of Brasilia.

Vegetation provinces of Texas

 

Vegetation provinces of Texas.

Hydrogeologic provinces of California

 

Hydrogeologic provinces of California.

Alaska Climate Zones

 

Alaska Climate Zones.

Map of geology of Mozambique

 

Map of geology of Mozambique .

A shaded relief map of the Republic of India

 

A shaded relief map of the Republic of India.

Religion map of British India [1,262 x 2,048]

 

Religion map of British India [1,262 x 2,048].

Etymological Map of Africa [OC] [2500 x 2512]

 

Etymological Map of Africa [OC] [2500 x 2512].

Mosasaur Coloring Page

 

Mosasaur Coloring Page.

Endocerid Cephalopod Coloring Page

 

Endocerid Cephalopod Coloring Page.

"Mcqueenoceras cariniferum" is an extinct cephalopod (a member of the group including squids and octopi) that lived during the Ordovician.

Ceratopsian Coloring Page

 

Ceratopsian Coloring Page.


"Agujaceratops mariscalensis" is a ceratopsian, a horned herbivorous dinosaur that lived during the Cretaceous.

Edrioasteroid Coloring Page

 

"Foerstediscus splendens" is an extinct echinoderm (a member of the group including sea stars, sea urchins, and sea lilies) known as an edrioasteroid (seated star) that lived during the Ordovician

Chalicothere Coloring Page

 

"Moropus elatus" is a large plant-eating mammal known as a chalicothere. This animal lived during the Miocene.

Question - The idea that fossil content will change upward within a formation is called the

The idea that fossil content will change upward within a formation is called the 
(a) Principle of Cross-Cutting Relationships 
(b) Principle of Original Horizontality 
(c) Principle of Fossil Succession 
(d) Principle of Original Continuity 
(e) Principle of Superposition

Answer Key: (c) Principle of Fossil Succession 

Question - The idea that a dike transecting bedding must be younger than the bedding it crosses is called the

The idea that a dike transecting bedding must be younger than the bedding it crosses is called the 
(a) Principle of Original Horizontality 
(b) Principle of Original Continuity 
(c) Principle of Fossil Succession 
(d) Principle of Cross-Cutting Relationships 
(e) Principle of Superposition

Answer Key:(d) Principle of Cross-Cutting Relationships 

Question - The idea that younger beds are deposited on top of older beds is called the

The idea that younger beds are deposited on top of older beds is called the 
(a) Principle of Original Horizontality 
(b) Principle of Fossil Succession 
(c) Principle of Cross-Cutting Relationships 
(d) Principle of Original Continuity 
(e) Principle of Superposition

Answer Key: (e) Principle of Superposition

Question - The idea that beds extend laterally in three dimensions until they thin to zero thickness is called the

7The idea that beds extend laterally in three dimensions until they thin to zero thickness is called the 
(a) Principle of Cross-Cutting Relationships 
(b) Principle of Original Horizontality 
(c) Principle of Original Continuity 
(d) Principle of Fossil Succession 
(e) Principle of Superposition

Answer Key: (c) Principle of Original Continuity 

Question - The idea that most beds are laid down horizontally or nearly so is called the

The idea that most beds are laid down horizontally or nearly so is called the 
(a) Principle of Original Continuity 
(b) Principle of Fossil Succession 
(c) Principle of Cross-Cutting Relationships 
(d) Principle of Original Horizontality 
(e) Principle of Superposition

Answer Key: (d) Principle of Original Horizontality 

Question - Laminations are similar to beds but are ___________ 1 cm in thickness.

Laminations are similar to beds but are ___________ 1 cm in thickness.
Answer Key: less than

Question - Beds represent a depositional event. They are _________ 1 cm in thickness.

Beds represent a depositional event. They are _________ 1 cm in thickness.

Answer Key: greater than

Question - Both _________________ and absolute scales are included in the geological time scale.

Both _________________ and absolute scales are included in the geological time scale.

Answer Key: relativistic

Question - The study of the spatial and temporal relationships between bodies of rock is called ____________________.

The study of the spatial and temporal relationships between bodies of rock is called ____________________.

Answer Key: stratigraphy

Question - The geological time scale is the ____________ framework in which geologists view Earth history

The geological time scale is the ____________ framework in which geologists view Earth history.

Answer Key: temporal

Alaska Map Geography Questions


1. What is the capital city of Alaska?

2. What country borders Alaska on the east?

3. What ocean borders Alaska on the north?

4. What ocean borders Alaska on the south?

5. What country is just west of Alaska, across the Bering Strait?

6. What is the name of the tallest mountain in Alaska (it is also the tallest peak in North America)?

7. What is the name of the river that flows from Canada, across Alaska, and into the Bering Sea?

8. Which Alaskan city is farthest north?

9. The Iditarod dog sled race runs from Anchorage to a city on the southern coast of the Seward Peninsula. What is this city?

10. What is the name of the mountain range that runs across northern Alaska?

Answer Key:

1. What is the capital city of Alaska? Juneau

2. What country borders Alaska on the east? Canada

3. What ocean borders Alaska on the north? Arctic Ocean

4. What ocean borders Alaska on the south? Pacific Ocean

5. What country is just west of Alaska, across the Bering Strait? Russia

6. What is the name of the tallest mountain in Alaska (it is also the tallest peak in North America)? Mt. McKinley

7. What is the name of the river that flows from Canada, across Alaska, and into the Bering Sea? Yukon River

8. Which Alaskan city is farthest north? Barrow

9. The Iditarod dog sled race runs from Anchorage to a city on the southern coast of the Seward Peninsula. What is this city? Nome

10. What is the name of the mountain range that runs across northern Alaska? Brooks Range

Question - Use the words from the box below and complete the cloze passage about Australia

Use the words from the box below and complete the cloze passage about Australia. 

Sixth  - ocean  - country  - Queensland  - Northern - snow - Sydney 

Australia 

Australia is a ___________ in the southern hemisphere. It is a large island continent and the world’s _______ largest country though it is sparsely populated. Most of Australia’s people live around the edge near the ____________. This is due to the vast desert that makes up the middle of the continent. Australia rarely experiences sub-zero temperature, but _______ does fall on some mountains in the South East. Australia has six states – New South Wales, _______________, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria and Western Australia. It has two major territories – the ______________ Territory and the Australian Capital Territory. The most populous states are New South Wales and Victoria with two of the largest cities (Melbourne and ______________).


ANSWERS: Australia is a country in the southern hemisphere. It is a large island continent and the world’s sixth largest country though it is sparsely populated. Most of Australia’s people live around the edge near the ocean. This is due to the vast desert that makes up the middle of the continent. Australia rarely experiences subzero temperature, but snow does fall on some mountains in the South East. Australia has six states New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria and Western Australia. It has two major territories – the Northern Territory and the Australian Capital Territory. The most populous states are New South Wales and Victoria with two of the largest cities (Melbourne and Sydney).

GK Question - Which of the following sea route joins North America and Europe with South America?

Which of the following sea route joins North America and Europe with South America?
A. South Atlantic Oceanic Route
B. North Atlantic Oceanic Route
C. Routes of Mediterranean Sea
D. Cape of Good Hope route

Answer: A
Explanation:  South Atlantic Oceanic Route joins North America and Europe with South America. Through this, waterway, the industrial goods from North America and Europe are transported to South America. Hence, A is the correct option.

Figure: The global circulation system

 

There are three large-scale circular movements of air in each hemisphere of the Earth’s surface. These circular movements, or ‘cells’, take air from the Equator and move it towards the poles. The cells have a role to play in creating the climate zones on Earth.

The Common Minerals Crossword Puzzle

 

 The Common Minerals Crossword Puzzle.



Solution: The Common Minerals Crossword Puzzle.

The Sedimentary Rocks Crossword Puzzle

 

The Sedimentary Rocks Crossword Puzzle


Solution: The Sedimentary Rocks Crossword Puzzle

The Metamorphic Rocks Crossword Puzzle

 

The Metamorphic Rocks Crossword Puzzle.
Solution: The Metamorphic Rocks Crossword Puzzle


The Igneous Rocks Crossword Puzzle

 

The Igneous Rocks Crossword Puzzle.
Solution: The Igneous Rocks Crossword Puzzle.



Tundra Crossword Puzzle


Tundra Crossword Puzzle.

Answers to the Tundra Crossword Puzzle.

50 US States Word Search

Find all 50 state names and circle to complete.

50 US States Word Search Answer Key.


Oregon Counties Crossword

This crossword puzzle contains all of Oregon’s 36 counties. To play, print this page and complete it with pencil or pen.
Across 
2. Has both the Alvord Desert and Steens Mountain. 
3. Oregon's "banana belt" on the coast next to California. 
6. See both Eagle Cap Wilderness and Hells Canyon here. 
7. La Grande is county seat. 
9. Home to Oregon's biggest city. 
13. Oregon Caves National Monument is here. 
14. Home to the fascinating Kam Wah Chung Museum. 
15. Sumpter Gold Dredge is here. 
20. Known for rock climbing at Smith Rock State Park. 
22. Go here for the Oregon Shakespeare Festival. 
23. Home of Oregon State University. 
24. Bordered by Deschutes and John Day rivers. 
27. Western Oregon University is here. 
30. Southeast county home to Basque shepherds. 
31. Albany is the county seat. 
32. The Dalles is here on the Columbia River. 
33. Home to Oregon's high-tech "Silicon Forest." 

Down 
1. Home of wineries and the Evergreen Aviation Museum. 
3. Astoria Column stands here. 
4. Home of the Ducks sports teams. 
5. A great view of the Columbia River from St. Helens. 
6. Search for fossils right in the Fossil county seat. 
7. Let-er-buck here at the Pendleton Round-up. 
8. Big timber county that includes Wildlife Safari. 
10. Go here for cheese and ocean breezes. 
11. Known for fruit orchards and windsurfing. 
12. Go here for boating on Lake Billy Chinook. 
16. Crater Lake National Park home. 
17. Heart of the Ochoco Mountains. 
18. Has lumber port on the big south coast bay. 
19. Fort Rock is in the desert here. 
21. Oregon City is county seat. 
25. State Capitol is here. 
26. Historic courthouse at Heppner is here. 
28. Condon is the county seat. 
29. Go here to see the Oregon Coast Aquarium.

ANSWERS

The Great Depression Terms Word Search Puzzle

Read each clue below and decide what word from the Great Depression Curriculum that the clue describes. Find and circle the word in the word search puzzle above.

1. When a bank run begins at one bank and spreads to others, causing people to lose confidence in banks. (2 words) 
2. Businesses that accept deposits and make loans. 
3. Abbreviation for a measure of the prices paid by urban consumers for a market basket of consumer goods and services. 
4. A general downward movement of prices for goods and services in an economy. 
5. A very severe recession; a period of severely declining economic activity spread across the economy (not limited to particular sectors or regions) normally visible in a decline in real GDP, real income, employment, industrial production, wholesale-retail credit and the loss of overall confidence in the economy. 
6. The central bank of the United States. (3 words) 
7. The spending and taxing policies used by the federal government to influence the economy. (2 words) 
8. The market value of all final goods and services produced within an economy during a year. (3 words) 
9. A general, sustained upward movement of prices for goods and services in an economy. 
10. The percentage of the labor force that is willing and able to work, does not currently have a job and is actively looking for employment. (2 words) 
11. Central bank actions involving the use of interest rate or money supply tools to achieve such goals as maximum employment, stable prices and moderate long-term interest rates. (2 words)

  • The Great Depression Terms Word Search Puzzle  / Answer Key

The Great Depression Terms Word Search Puzzle / Answer Key

Read each clue below and decide what word from the Great Depression Curriculum that the clue describes. Find and circle the word in the word search puzzle above.


1. When a bank run begins at one bank and spreads to others, causing people to lose confidence in banks. (2 words) [BANKPANIC] 
2. Businesses that accept deposits and make loans. [BANKS] 
3. Abbreviation for a measure of the prices paid by urban consumers for a market basket of consumer goods and services. [CPI] 
4. A general downward movement of prices for goods and services in an economy. [DEFLATION] 
5. A very severe recession; a period of severely declining economic activity spread across the economy (not limited to particular sectors or regions) normally visible in a decline in real GDP, real income, employment, industrial production, wholesale-retail credit and the loss of overall confidence in the economy. [DEPRESSION] 
6. The central bank of the United States. (3 words) [FEDERALRESERVESYSTEM] 
7. The spending and taxing policies used by the federal government to influence the economy. (2 words) [FISCALPOLICY] 
8. The market value of all final goods and services produced within an economy during a year. (3 words) [GROSSDOMESTICPRODUCT] 
9. A general, sustained upward movement of prices for goods and services in an economy. [INFLATION] 
10. The percentage of the labor force that is willing and able to work, does not currently have a job and is actively looking for employment. (2 words) [UNEMPLOYMENTRATE] 
11. Central bank actions involving the use of interest rate or money supply tools to achieve such goals as maximum employment, stable prices and moderate long-term interest rates. (2 words) [MONETARYPOLICY]

  • The Great Depression Terms Word Search Puzzle - Activity:

Geology Crossword Puzzle

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Geology Crossword Puzzle




Geology Crossword Puzzle ANSWERS.

Arkansas Geology Word Search

Arkansas Geology Word Search
Arkansas Geology Word Search  - Answer Key.


Element Word Search

Element Word Search.

Element Word Search  -  Answer Key.



Wildlife Word Search

Wildlife Word Search.


Wildlife Word Search  - Answer Key.

Ulexite | mineral - Coloring Page

 

Ulexite | mineral - Coloring Page.

Purpurite Coloring Page

 

Purpurite Coloring Page

Vanadinite | mineral - Coloring Page

 

Vanadinite | mineral - Coloring Page.

Turquoise | mineral - Coloring Page

 

Turquoise | mineral - Coloring Page.

Citrine | gemstone - Coloring Page

 

Citrine | gemstone - Coloring Page.